Your Daily Dose of English – May 9, 2018

May 9, 2018
Category: Dose of the Day

Idiom of the Day

Evitar uma atividade ou tarefa desagradável

(Dar balão!)

Evitando as brasileiradas:

Contar uma história: “Tell a story”

NUNCA DIGA: “TELL A HISTORY”

The Dean Schooled Them

Click here to read the story

Source: livin3

One night four college kids stayed out late, partying and having a good time. They ignored the test they had scheduled for the next day and didn’t study. In the morning, they hatched a plan to get out of taking their test. They covered themselves with grease and dirt and went to the Dean’s office. Once there, they said they had been to a wedding the previous night and on the way back, they got a flat tire and had to push the car back to campus.

The Dean listened to their tale of woe and thought. He offered them a retest three days later. They thanked him and accepted his offer.

When the test day arrived, they went to the Dean. The Dean put them all in separate rooms for the test. They were fine with this since they had all studied hard. Then they saw the test. It had 2 questions.

1) Your Name __________ (1 Point)

2) Which tire went flat? __________ (99 Points)
Options – (a) Front Left (b) Front Right (c) Back Left (d) Back Right

Dose of the Day

Hoje vamos falar sobre um erro bem comum, como já adiantamos na brasileirada do dia: History and story.

History: uncountable, more factual, non-fiction, academic, it really happened.

Story: countable, imaginary, fiction,narrative, it often didn’t really happen.

Exemples of history:

  • Man walked on the moon (yes, it really happened)
  • Slavery was abolished in Brazil
  • Lula was arrested

Exemples of story:

  • I read a story in the paper about that plane that crashed (true story)
  • He told a story about his fishing trip (maybe true, maybe not, maybe partly true)
  • Romeo and Juliet (sorry girls, never happened)

Vale lembrar que estória hoje virou algo praticamente arcaico; não existe mais a diferença entre história estória.

História são fatos, acontecimentos. Quando você conta, ou narra, um acontecimento da história, aí vira uma story. E aqui vai talvez a dica mais importante:

History is uncountable; Story is countable

Então você nunca pode dizer: A history. Usou artigo = story. Essa é uma história verdadeira, de como Brazil perdeu para Alemanha, a pior derrota de sua história: This is a true story, of how Brazil lost to Germany, the worst defeat in their history.

Agora vamos para a segunda parte desta story: a pronúncia. A maioria das pessoas pronuncia as palavras que começam com “s” com um “e” na frente, mais ou menos assim:
spend:

 

story:

 

Agora ouça a pronúncia correta:

spend:

 

story:

 

Agora veja a pronúncia de history:

Now do these exercises:

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