Your Daily Dose of English – April 12, 2018

Idiom of the Day

Gloomy and depressed

(Abatido e deprimido)

Evitando as brasileiradas:

Oferecer um favor (pegar alguma coisa, por exemplo): “I’ll get it for you! “


Those 2-Minute Walk Breaks? They Add Up

Click here to read the story

Source: The New York Times 

Walk for two minutes. Repeat 15 times. Or walk for 10 minutes, three times a day. The benefits for longevity appear to be almost exactly the same, according to a  new study of physical activity patterns.

It finds that exercise does not have to be prolonged in order to be beneficial. It just has to be frequent. Any kind of strong movement influences longevity. The study says that the men and women who are the least physically active, exercising moderately for fewer than 20 minutes a day, are at the highest risk of premature death.

Those who move more often, especially if they manage approximately an hour in total of physical activity over the course of the day, cut their mortality risk in half, the researchers found.

It doesn’t matter how you accumulate those minutes: walking continuously for five minutes or longer, or walking sporadically for short but repeated spurts, as long as you move often.

“The message is that all physical activity counts,” says Dr. William Kraus, a professor at Duke University who conducted the study with researchers from the National Cancer Institute.

“The little things that people do every day, like walking from their cars to the office or climbing a flight of stairs, can and do add up and affect the risk for disease and death,” he says.

“If you can’t go for a long walk, a few short walks are likely to be just as good for you.”

Dr. William Kraus

Dose of the Day

 Observou o título acima? A 2-minute walk. Essa é uma estrutura muito comum em inglês, onde as descrições são transformadas em adjetivos compostos. Por exemplo: Uma casa de três quartos: A house with three bedrooms, ou, muito mais comum: A three-bedroom house.

Você pode usar o número por extenso, ou em algarismo, mas não se esquece de colocar os hífens. Outra coisa: como é adjetivo, tem que estar no singular (three-bedroom, e não three-bedrooms).

Essa forma é muito usada para falar de idade:  a 40-year-old engineer. Nesse caso, muitas vezes, é usado como substantivo. 

Exemplo: Suponhamos que você tem um filho de três anos. Você pode se referir a ele como: My 3-year-old.

Now do these exercises:

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